Yakobashvili is a raider. Why do the security forces enter the elevator through the museum? 

Yakobashvili is a raider. Why do the security forces enter the elevator through the museum?
Photo: The CrimeRussia

Businessman Boris Minakhi accused his former business partner David Yakobashvili of attempting to raid the Yeisk Port Elevator. At the same time, both parties and even third parties represented by the security forces continue to keep the details in secret. FSB officers came to the Yakobashvili’s museum Sobraniye in Moscow within the elevator's case. There are a lot of questions and no answers.

The Russian FSB searched the Sobraniye museum, owned by businessman David Yakobashvili on June 18. They were brought within a criminal case over Swindling (Article 159 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation), which was initiated upon the application of his business partner Boris Minakhi. He wrote a letter addressed to the FSB Head, Alexander Bortnikov, complaining about the attempted raider seizure of the Yeisk Port Elevator (EPA). How does the museum in Moscow be connected with the elevator in the Krasnodar Territory? The FSB and the Investigation Committee do not comment on operational actions.

David Yakobashvili, who is now in Europe, told Kommersant that he was preparing some text on eight pages, where his position would be covered, but did not disclose details about the conflict with Boris Minakhi. He stated that he did not intend to return to Russia because of the searches, as long as “inadequate things are happening” there. But later he clarified that he would return. 

“I was misunderstood. I need to earn money for the maintenance of the museum. Of course, I intend to come to Russia,” Yakobashvili explained.


The David Yakobashvili Sobraniye Museum is one of the largest private collections of self-playing musical instruments and mechanical rarities, including music boxes, organs, orchestrions, barrel organs, mechanical pianos and grand pianos, gramophones and phonographs, accordions, clocks and automatons. The art fund keeps about 20 thousand exhibits.

According to Yakobashvili, he has no other business than the Sobraniye in the country. Although he is at least the vice-president of the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs (RSPP). According to the register, David Yakobashvili is also a founder of 11 operating companies, including Yеisk Port Elevator Trading House LLC. Until 2016, Yakobashvili controlled (owned 51%) the controversial Yeisk Port Elevator.

Boris Minakhi joined the EPA Board of Directors in 2011. By September 2015, according to the list of affiliates, Minakhi was the minority shareholder of the company (he owned 1.68% of the company's shares). The owner of another 46% was the United Grain Company (UGC), a certain Ekaterina Fedorova owned 25%. She is a business partner of Minakhi in Sterling and Prisma Center. In 2015, UGC held an auction to sell its stake in the Yeisk Port Elevator. Fedorov won this auction, but the deal was not closed since the company did not pay for the purchase. It was only possible to sell its stake in 46% of the United Grain Company at the second attempt. In August 2016, Sergey Vorontsov through the Petrotek company became the buyer of the share. He is the business partner of David Yakobashvili in the Archeda Product company.

Ейский портовый элеватор

Yeisk Port Elevator

Source of RBC tried to clarify this elaborate scheme. At one time, Yakobashvili loaned Minakhi a controlling stake in the EPE, the source said. When UGC held an auction to sell its stake for the first time, Minachi won it (possibly via Ekaterina Fedorova), but refused to finance the deal. Then, at the repeated auction, the package was bought by Yakobashvili (perhaps through Petrotek) and provided 18 million dollars for it.

Since the Yeisk Port Elevator is now a joint-stock company by the form of ownership, there is no information about the shareholders in the public domain. But there is every reason to believe that Yakobashvili is the ultimate beneficiary. At what point he carried out a “raider seizure” of the elevator, according to Boris Minakhi, is not reported. It is not known whether it has preserved a 1.68% stake in the EPE.


David Yakobashvili

David Yakobashvil began his career back in the 80s. In the early 90s, he owned a beauty salon in Moscow, imported cars from abroad. He was a co-founder of the largest casinos Metelitsa and Vishnya. Its main business was Wimm-Bill-Dann, the most considerable juice, and dairy products producer in Russia. The company was founded in 1992 by Sergey Plastinin and Mikhail Dubinin, joined by Yakobashvili. The last co-owner of the company was Gavriil Yushvaev (known in certain circles as criminal authority Garik Makhachkala). In 1989, he was released from prison after a nine-year term for robbery. Yakobashvili later married Yushvaev’s niece. Gavriil Yushvaev, together with David Yakobashvili, was engaged in various activities, including agriculture in the Moscow region, the Kuban and Volgograd, as well as real estate.

Гавриил Юшваев

Gavriil Yushvaev (Garik Makhachkala)

Yakobashvili is also related to Mayor of Zvenigorod, Moscow region, Leonid Stavitsky. As The CrimeRussia has already written, it was Stavitsky who undid the general development plan of the city, gave the forests around the town the status of forests of the urban settlement Zvenigorod, and then deprived the city of the status of a historical settlement and began to sell elite hectares. Significant people in business and officials, leaders of criminal groups, primarily representatives from the North Caucasus, bought the land plots. The most fruitful plots were bought with Yakobashvili's money. He is tightly connected with the crime. According to the sources of The CrimeRussia, Yakobashvili once financially supported kingpin Zakhar Kalashov (Shakro Molodoy).

Захарий Калашов (Шакро Молодой)

 Zakhar Kalashov (Shakro Molodoy)

In the mid-1990s, Trinity, a Yakobashvili company, received a land plot of 11.3 hectares near Sheremetyevo Airport for 49 years. David Yakobashvili and Gavriil Yushvaev planned to build a parking lot. But in the early 2000s, they abandoned this project, and Boris Minakhi received the plot. He decided to make a 35.000 sq. m. business center on the site through the International Business Center Sheremetyevo (ICC). But the project was never implemented. Now Minakhi remains the absolute owner of the ICC.

It is known that disagreements of a monetary nature between David Yakobashvili and Boris Minakhi appeared. In 2017, Minakhi survived the attempt, his business partner Alexey Bezobrazov told Forbes. The entrepreneur's car was stopped by an unknown "people of Caucasian appearance." After that, they put handcuffs on Minakhi and took him to a cottage on Rublevskoye Highway, where they held him for several hours, demanding the return of debt. When released, Minakhi filed an application with the law enforcement agencies and went to the US, which citizenship he has, Bezobrazov said.

In January 2018, Minakhi filed a lawsuit against Yakobashvili in Moscow’s Tagansky Court demanding the return of the money he allegedly lent.


The CrimeRussia got acquainted with materials; it says that there were a total of 4 loans (from October 6, 2010, to November 16, 2010) in the amount of $4.7 million with a credit rate of 3% per annum. Minakhi demanded that Yakobashvili repay the debt, accrued interest in the amount of $743.1 thousand, as well as enthusiasm for the use of funds for $949.4 thousand plus state duty.

“From the explanations of Yakobashvili it follows that he never borrowed money from Minakhi in debt, because he had never needed money, on the contrary, Minakhi constantly borrowed money from him in debt without any documents, he gave in parts and to date, the debt is not fully returned," a court order stated.

As a result, the debt receipts submitted to the court by Boris Minakhi were recognized as false. The experts revealed signs of photoshop, and there was no David Yakobashvili's signature on the fourth receipt.


“Given the above circumstances, the plaintiff’s lack of original contracts, as well as expert opinions, the court considers the arguments of defendant Yakobashvili reasonable that Minakhi has never loaned to him under the contracts submitted to him (Minakhi),” the court decided.

It should be noted that, according to sources of Kommersant, the search conducted in the Sobraniye museum was not associated with Yeisk Port Elevator JSC. Sources in the power structures reported that no investigative or operational actions were carried out in the EPE; it works as usual. So Sobraniye museum search reason is still unknown.



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