Acting Head of the Chechen Republic.
Ramzan Akhmadovich Kadyrov was born on October 5th, 1976, in Tsentoroy village, in Kurchaloyevsky District of Chechen-Ingush ASSR.
In 2004 - graduated from Makhachkala Institute of Business and Law with a degree in jurisprudence. And in 2005 completed the full course of the said Institute in specialty Banking and Finance.
From February, 1996 till May, 2000 - Deputy Mufti of the Chechen Republic.
From June, 2000 till May, 2002 - Inspector of communications and weaponry in the staff of special militia platoon of the Interior Ministry Directorate for the Chechen Republic.
From May, 2002 till February, 2004 - the platoon commander of a militia separate company on the protection of the Chechen Republic state security buildings of the Internal Affairs department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Chechen Republic.
From February, 2004 - Assistant to Minister of Internal Affairs for the Chechen Republic.
From May, 2004 till November, 2005 - Principal Deputy Prime Minister of the Chechen Republic.
From November, 2005 till March, 2006 - acting Prime Minister of the Chechen Republic.
From March, 2006 till February, 2007 - Prime Minister of the Chechen Republic.
From February, 2007 till April, 2007 - acting President of the Chechen Republic.
From April, 2007 - President of the Chechen Republic.
From September, 2010 - Head of the Chechen Republic.
Human rights activists and political opponents have repeatedly accused Kadyrov of the involvement with contract murders. A number of media representatives, human rights activists and politicians have been killed within Russia and without.
On October 7th, 2006, Anna Politkovskaya, the Novaya Gazeta columnist, was assassinated in her apartment block in central Moscow. Politkovskaya has authored numerous critical articles on Ramzan Kadyrov and his circle of close associates. She has accused Kadyrov of various crimes and violations of human rights in Chechnya.
On November 18th, 2006, Movladi Baisarov, a Federal Security Service special-task unit commander, was fatally shot in Moscow, when he was getting out of his car, by members of the Chechen extra-agency guard. 5 days prior to the assassination, the Ministry for Internal Affairs of Chechnya had issued a federal warrant for him. They accused him of numerous murders and kidnappings. Baisarov used to be a commander of a paramilitary unit Gorets ('Highlander') in Chechnya and conflicted with Kadyrov. The unit was not subordinate to the Chechen authorities, but to the tactical department of the North Caucasus FSB (Federal Security Service of Russia). A few days before his death, Baisarov was allegedly going to apply to the Chief Military Prosecutor's Office and give witness testimony against his political opponents.
On September, 24th, 2008, Ruslan Yamadaev was shot dead in central Moscow. The bitter rivalry with Kadyrov was considered one of the primary motives for the assassination.
On January 13th, 2009, two armed men, while attempting to abduct Umar Israilov, shot and killed the latter in Vienna.
On April 27th, 2010, Austrian investigators claimed that it was Ramzan Kadyrov who ordered Israilov’s abduction.
On July 15th, 2009, Natalia Estemirova, a journalist and board member of the Russian human rights organization Memorial, was abducted in Grozny. Later in the day, her remains were found in woodland near the village of Gazi-Yurt, Ingushetia.
On February 27th, 2015, Boris Nemtsov was shot and killed in central Moscow. The defendant in the criminal case took the stand to list everyone implicated in the assassination, including the Head of the Chechen Republic Ramzan Kadyrov who had threatened Nemtsov when the latter had been visiting Gudermes, a town in the Chechen Republic.
Besides that, Ramzan Kadyrov is known for being an inventor of a phenomenon, quite unique for Russia. In the Russian Federation it was called ‘the Chechen regiment’ that is Chechen groups of ‘siloviki’, or men of power, sent by the Republic leaders to Moscow for security of big-time politicians and high-profile businessmen from Kadyrov’s team. It is an open secret that Chechnya has a special privilege to be the only territorial entity of the RF that is allowed this kind of luxury. The Chechen siloviki are sent on an official business to Moscow for security of high-profile bureaucrats arriving in Moscow for a variety of reasons. The groups of bodyguards of the Chechnya’s elite live permanently in VIP President Hotel that is situated in front of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation. For a few years now, these siloviki - bedecked with all kind of weapons and siren lights - have been travelling across the streets of Russia’s capital-city and filling Moscowites with dread. The most ‘media-advanced’ Kadyrovtsy enjoy posting their arsenal of weapons, pythons and a high-end fleet of luxury cars on social networks.