Russia to create national system for filtering Internet
General director of TMT Consulting Konstantin Ankilov compared this idea with the Internet filtering model in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK).
By 2020, Russia will have a National System for filtering Internet traffic (NASFIT), designed to protect children from negative and dangerous content.
As Izvestia writes, the creation of such a filtration system using children's information resources is stipulated by the Digital Economy state program, approved by Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev on July 31. According to the program, the architect and the prototype of NASFIT should be developed before the end of the first quarter of 2019, and a year later the system should be put into operation.
As director of the League for Secure Internet Denis Davydov informed, minor Internet users will be able to visit only trusted sites from the white list. According to him, two options for implementing the national filtration system are currently being discussed. The first one provides filtering of traffic only in educational institutions, and the second involves filtering for all users by default: they will be able to visit sites from the whitelist, and to gain access to unfiltered content, you will need to write an application to an Internet provider or choose this option in your personal Cabinet on the operator's website.
As Davydov noted, whitelists of sites will not be effective if the organizers of the dissemination of information do not independently identify and block the content banned in Russia. In this regard, the head of the LBI said that the organization is waiting for a repeated submission to the Duma of a bill on large fines for the administration of social networks for the removal of illegal content. In his opinion, without such responsibility, adult users will be able to turn off filtering, and children will not be shielded from dangerous content.
According to Igor Ashmanov, the head of Ashmanov&Partners, who took part in the Digital Economy program, there was no mention of NASFIT in the document that left the Government from the Ministry of Communications. Apparently, this item was included in it later. At the same time, the idea of white lists Ashmanov called unviable.
In turn, general director of the company TMT Consulting Konstantin Ankilov compared this idea with the Internet filtering model in the DPRK.
"A large number of websites appear daily in the world, and that each site needs to prove that it is good and does not violate the law, this initiative violates the presumption of innocence. This is a soft version of the North Korean model," he said.
At the same time, official representative of the company MegaFon Yulia Dorokhina said that the operator supports the idea of limiting the access of children to unwanted content and has long been working in this direction.
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