Draft Dueling Code of Russia submitted to State Duma
The document was drafted and submitted to the parliament by an LDPR deputy Sergey Ivanov.
The State Duma was suggested to adopt the Dueling Code of the Russian Federation – the draft of the relevant law has already appeared in the parliament's database. In an explanatory note to the bill, its author, a deputy from the LDPR, Sergey Ivanov, explains the need for the adoption of the code by the fact that “lately there has been a tendency on the part of state and municipal employees to call citizens, who express themselves differently from the official point of view, out.”
The deputy stressed that the adoption of the Dueling Code will not require any additional funds to be allocated from the federal budget.
The day before, on September 11, the head of Russian National Guard, Victor Zolotov, called the founder of the Anti-Corruption Foundation (FBK), Alexey Navalny, out, promising to make a “good juicy mincemeat” out of him on a ring or tatami.
The draft of the Dueling Code states that a duel can only occur between peers in terms of service status, otherwise, it is inadmissible. The document emphasizes that a state or municipal employee, who was called out by a common citizen, must reject the challenge, granting the latter the right to seek satisfaction in court. The civil servant who is offended by the citizen should apply to the same court.
“If, in spite of this, the state or municipal servant still wishes to fight, he has the right to do it only if his immediate superior, who is to consider whether the opponent is worthy of the honor given to him, issues a formal written permission to fight,” the bill stresses.
According to the document, the offended person gets the right to choose weapons – swords, sabers or pistols. In especially difficult cases, he can also choose how to hold a duel (at what distance should they shoot, etc.), and also use his own weapons.
“Inability to use a weapon cannot in any case serve as an excuse for replacing or refusing the duel,” the document stresses.
A separate article in the draft Dueling Code is related to challenges to a duel of journalists who wrote “insulting articles.” According to it, the author of the article or the person who signed it is considered an abuser, but in some cases the media outlet editor can be also called out.
The document emphasizes that “a person who committed a dishonest act, to which there are factual discrediting evidence, is deprived of not only the right to call out, but in general the right to participate in a duel.”
Ivanov himself told the news agency Moskva that as a basis for his draft he took the Dueling Code published in Russia in 1912.
“I just revised it. I spent probably two hours to compose it, no more,” Ivanov said, noting that the provisions of the code had been repurposed to state and municipal employees. In the original text of 1912, it is not about officials, but about noblemen.