Seven deputies appointed and police ranks established in Russian Guard by presidential decree
A decree "On the Federal National Guard Troops Service of the Russian Federation" has been published on the official website of legal information, the document was signed by the Russian President Vladimir Putin.
The first news regarding the creation of a new security structure appeared in April. At that time, Putin abolished the Federal Drug Control Service and the Federal Migration Service as independent federal agencies, transferring their powers to the Ministry of Internal Affairs. The Russian Guard was established on the basis of internal troops and MIA special units.
The staff number will reach 340 thousand people. The new structure will include the Special Rapid Response Unit (SOBR) and the OMON riot police from the MIA, as well as the Licensing Service, as well as the Private Security Police.
The first item listed in the decree refers to the official title of the new structure. Thus, terms National Guard of Russia and Rosgvardiya (Russian Guard) become equivalent.
"The Federal National Guard Troops Service of the Russian Federation (Rosgvardiya) is a federal body of executive power," as stated in the document.
Also, the president allowed Rosgvardiya to create its own divisions in regions.
More deputies than in MIA
The decree also regulates the number of Rosgvardiya deputy directors and names seven people.
"Allowed to have... seven deputies, including the first deputy director; ...the Chief of Staff of the Federal National Guard Troops Service of the Russian Federation; ...the Secretary of State," as stated in the document.
Thus, the Head of the new structure will have more deputies than the Interior Minister — only 6 deputies were left in the MIA after separation of the National Guard.
At the same time, Rosgvardiya will have police ranks and positions of civil service, along with the military ranks.
Putin's decree also grants Rosgvardiya the right to initiate cases into administrative offenses, which is now done by MIA. However, the document does not mention the exact articles of the Administrative Code subject to the authority of the new structure.
A separate item refers to the powers of the National Guard for information warfare. This position is listed along with others that will make it compulsory for the troops of the National Guard.
In addition, Rosgvardiya was mandated not only to protect critical facilities and communications objects, but also to take part in the development of security measures in the field of civil aviation.
Saburova believes that the Russian authorities violated articles 2 and 5 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, guaranteeing the right to life, as well as the right to freedom and personal inviolability.