Not all ways of bypassing blockings on web prohibited by State Duma
The bill proposes to ban the use of networks, systems and programs that allow access to prohibited sites.
The State Duma adopted in the second reading a draft law banning anonymizers, the Rosbalt correspondent reports.
Currently, there is no statutory prohibition on the use of technologies that allow to bypass interlocks and access websites. At the same time, access to some sites that allow to bypass blocking is limited on the basis of decisions of Russian courts.
To prevent bypasses, the bill proposes to ban the use of networks, systems and programs in Russia that allow access to the prohibited websites. In order to do that, the owners of such resources are supposed to be provided with an access to Roskomnadzor’s (Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology, and Mass Media) database with a list of prohibited websites. This is primarily about using VPN and Tor to bypass interlocks.
At the same time, when the project was finalized for the second reading, the parliamentarians adopted an amendment according to which the new law will not apply to “operators of state information systems, state bodies and local self-government bodies, as well as to cases of using hardware and software access to information resources, access to which is limited, provided that the circle of users of such firmware is predetermined by their owners and the use of such software and hardware is performed in the technological order to ensure the activities of the person who uses it," the document says.
It is proposed to introduce measures of administrative coercion for failure to comply with the requirement to limit access within 30 days to Internet resources used to bypass interlocks.
In turn, operators of search engines are obliged to stop showing links to blocked websites in Russia.
It is also proposed to abolish the current rule on the registration of bloggers, whose audience exceeds 3 thousand visitors a day.
The prosecutors want the former Russian Federation Council member to go to prison for 14 years instead of 9 and pay a 500-million-ruble ($8.8 million) fine instead of 70 million rubles ($1.2 million).