“Giving up Crimea was not politically motivated“
Nikita Khrushchev’s decision to give Crimea to Ukraine was not for political reasons — it was required by legal conditions of the Soviet legislation. The son of the first secretary of the CPSU Central Committee Sergei Khrushchev, a professor at Brown University in the US and a publicist, said.
The son of the first secretary of the CPSU Central Committee Sergei Khrushchev, a professor at Brown University in the US and a publicist, said that the decision of his father to give Crimea to Ukraine was not politically motivated.
“It was not a political move. Neither was it an attempt to humour the Ukrainian bureaucracy nor give a "gift" to his mother. It was a structural and rational decision. Crimea began to be reborn; [they] planted a lot of grapes,” Khrushchev pointed out.
He also said that the legal aspects dictated the circumstances, RIA Novosti reported.
“My father gave the Crimea to Ukraine, because if you look at the map, Crimea is attached to Ukraine, and when they began to deal with the economy there, and most importantly, to build that channel that is now unfortunately buried, the State Planning Committee said it would be better if it was built under the same legal entity and transferred to Ukraine, just as they transferred many regions,” Sergei Khrushchev said.
Three days before the announcement of Khrushchev's son, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko was offered to dig a channel between the Azov and Black Seas and to separate the territory of the Crimea peninsula from the mainland on the border of Russia and Ukraine.
According to the petition’s author, the length of such a channel will not exceed 5 km. At the same time, it is noted that it will improve the economy of Ukraine by creating jobs and lead to a “breakthrough” for the country's ports on the Azov and Black Seas.
“It is a win-win option from all points of view,” the initiative’s author noted.
August 17, 2017, the National Council of Ukraine on Television and Radio announced the start of the broadcast of five Ukrainian TV channels in the territory of Crimea.
Kiev promised to improve the quality of broadcasting before September 1 by increasing the transmitter power to 0.3 kW. In addition, The National Council of Ukraine on Television and Radio promised to increase the number of channels to ten by September.
As reported in mid-August by member of the National Council of Ukraine on Television and Radio Broadcasting Sergey Kostinsky, the broadcast on the territory of the Crimea was launched from the Chongar tower (Kherson region).
“Digital TV has been launched on in test mode on the Chongar tower (Kherson region). The following channels are broadcasted to the territory of the North Crimea in DVB-T2 standard: UA: CRIMEA (NSTU), Channel 5, Pryamoy kanal (Tonis), ICTV, and Chernomorskaya TRK,” Kostinsky said.
However, later, Minister of Domestic Politics, Information and Communications of Crimea Dmitry Polonsky noted that despite Kiev’s promises, in Crimea, no Ukrainian TV channels were broadcasted.
He also stated that the project of Ukraine for the test launch of five Ukrainian TV channels in the republic failed. Polonsky explained that there would be no difference between test broadcasting and broadcasting on a permanent basis, since “none of it is available in Crimea.”
“All the projects that the Ukrainian side develops for Crimea or the Crimeans are but failure from the start. First of all, this is due to the attitude of the Crimeans towards the processes that take place in Ukraine,” Polonsky said.
Crimea became part of the Russian Federation in March 2014 following the results of the referendum. March 17, the Supreme Council of Crimea adopted a resolution on its independence from Ukraine on the basis of the referendum results. The Parliament also asked for Crimea to become a member of the Russian Federation.
The Supreme Council of Crimea decided to use the wording ‘Republic of Crimea’ rather than ‘Autonomous Republic of Crimea’ in the official names of the authorities of the Republic of Crimea and other bodies.
March 18, President of Russia Vladimir Putin, the Crimean leadership, and the mayor of Sevastopol signed an agreement on the joining of the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol to Russia. The agreement was subsequently approved by the State Duma and the Federation Council.
Kiev refused to recognize the referendum results as legitimate.