FPS deputy head explains reduction in number of beatings of prisoners by independence from MIA
According to Valery Maksimenko, the current procedures, under which the jail is forbidden to take those arrested with injuries, protects the suspects from police violence.
Deputy Director of the Federal Penitentiary Service, Lieutenant-General of Internal Service Valery Maksimenko explained the decrease in the level of violence against the suspects in the independence of the FPS from the MIA, RBC reports.
In an interview with Interfax, commenting on the possibility of reforming the department, which was proposed earlier by the head of the Federation Council, Valentina Matvienko, the deputy head of the FPS also questioned the possibility of returning the penitentiary service into the structure of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
He noted that membership in the Council of Europe imposes certain obligations on Russia, one of which is the separation of the functions of criminal prosecution of a citizen and his detention. And thanks to this division, today the number of cases of violence against persons under investigation has become much smaller, the deputy director of the FPS said.
According to Valery Maksimenko, it was the destruction of the system in which the search, investigation and arrest were within the competence of one department, which ensured a real improvement in the protection of human rights. In particular, Maksimenko noted that the current procedures, under which the jails do not have the right to accept people under investigation with injuries, protects them from violence by police officers.
“When a person was in the hands of one structure, really terrible things happened – pressure, violence, whatever. Today, this system is almost broken,” said the deputy head of the FPS.
It is worth noting that in 1992-1998 the structure preceding the FPS was part of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia as the Main Directorate for the Execution of Punishments (GUIN), before that for more than 30 years the GUIN of the USSR of the MIA existed, and even earlier the General Directorate of camps and places of detention (GULAG).
In 2018, the FPS was in the center of several high-profile scandals involving torture and violence against prisoners – the massive beating of prisoner Yevgeny Makarov prisoner by the Yaroslavl IK-1 staff, the death of the prisoner in Bryansk IK-6 and a number of other incidents. After that, the "torture scandal" was paid close attention of the UN – in August, the Committee against Torture at the UN once again called on Russia to criminalize torture. On September 10, in Geneva, at the 39th session of the UN Human Rights Council (HRC), the High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet spoke about the situation in correctional institutions in Russia, who demanded an independent investigation into allegations of torture in Yaroslavl and other colonies. In Russia, on July 27, the head of the Federation Council, Valentina Matvienko, stated that there is an urgent need to reform the Federal Penitentiary Service by dividing the federal service into two parts in order to separate the task of control and protection from the tasks of re-education and socialization.