Does not pay taxes and sleeps peacefully. Billion-ruble tax arrears forgiven to Deputy from United Russia Party
Maiis Mamedov is a prominent Novosibirsk businessman. The successful developer and Deputy of the Regional Legislative Assembly owns a number of companies holding leading positions on the regional construction market. The parliamentarian builds his business empire violating the tax and labor legislation on a regular basis – but this does not prevent him from receiving millions of rubles from the budget in subsidies and benefits. A Novosibirsk public activist has exposed this criminal scheme – and now the whistleblower has to pay dearly for his curiosity. A slander criminal case has been instituted against him for an attempt to bring the Deputy from Edinaya Rossia (United Russia) Party to liability.
Maiis Mamedov, an influential Novosibirsk Deputy from Edinaya Rossia Party, owns numerous construction enterprises. For instance, he is the sole proprietor of Likolor Brick Factory Limited Liability Company. According to official reports, its revenues amounted to 222 million rubles ($3.4 million) in 2017, while the profit was only 813 thousand rubles ($12.4 thousand). Four years ago, this asset had generated a much higher profit – 12 million rubles ($182.7 thousand). But apparently, it was insufficient to pay all the taxes and levies. Since 2015, bailiffs have instituted 54 enforcement proceedings against the Deputy’s company for nonpayment of taxes and insurance contributions. The total amount of arrears currently exceeds 12 million rubles ($182.7 thousand). However, the majority of enforcement proceedings totaling millions of rubles have been closed for the following reason: “Impossibility to locate the debtor and his/her assets or obtain information on monetary funds belonging to him/her and deposited in banks or other credit organizations” (subparagraph 3, paragraph 1, Article 46, Federal Law № 229 FZ). Somehow, the bailiffs were neither able to locate the owner of a profitable enterprise nor his brick plant whose legal address is 6/1 Petukhova street, Novosibirsk, 630019 Russia.Our
Maiis Mamedov was born on May 2, 1965. Graduated from the Siberian University of Consumer Cooperatives in Novosibirsk as an Economist–Manager. In 1986–1990, worked at Thermal Power Plant № 5. In 1993, was appointed the Senior Engineer for Youth Affairs of the HR Department of Thermal Power Plant № 5. In 1993, became the leader of MZhK Energetik Youth Movement that later transformed into First Construction Fund Holding. Mamedov is the General Director of First Construction Fund (FCF) and a member of Regional Business Club of Builders Noncommercial Partnership. In May 2013, was elected a Deputy of the Legislative Assembly of the Novosibirsk Region from Edinaya Rossia Party. Up until April 2017, was in charge of the Committee for Construction, Housing and Public Utility Sector, and Tariffs. Was awarded a Certificate of Merit of the Council of the Federation of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, Certificate of Merit of the Governor of the Novosibirsk Region, and certificates of merit, badges, and medals of the Legislative Assembly of the Novosibirsk Region.
Three more enterprises have the same legal address: Likolor Factory Limited Liability Company, TK Likolor Limited Liability Company, and Mezon-L Limited Liability Company. Some Dmitry Kuchin is the General Director of all the four legal entities and, apparently, he does not consider the payment of taxes his mandatory duty. For instance, 6 enforcement proceedings were instituted against TK Likolor Limited Liability Company – and two of those were closed under subparagraph 3 of paragraph 1 of Article 46 of the Federal Law № 229 FZ. Likolor Factory Limited Liability Company owes to the state 1.4 million rubles ($21.3 thousand) in tax arrears; its indebtedness could be even higher – but in 5 cases, out of the 14, the bailiffs failed to locate the debtor and terminated the proceedings under the same Article of the Federal Law № 229 FZ.
Mamedov is the sole proprietor of Mezon-L Limited Liability Company that also has significant tax arrears. The bailiffs have instituted 26 enforcement proceedings against that company – but only 4 of those totaling 120 thousand rubles ($1.8 thousand) remain active. The rest of the actions have been terminated on the same grounds: : "Impossibility to locate the debtor and his/her assets or obtain information on monetary funds belonging to him/her and deposited in banks or other credit organizations" (subparagraph 3, paragraph 1, Article 46, the Federal Law № 229 FZ).
Mamedov owns Mechanization Directorate Limited Liability Company founded by his main asset – First Construction Fund. Since 2015, 56 enforcement proceedings were instituted against Mechanization Directorate for nonpayment of taxes, insurance contributions, and penalties imposed by the State Road Traffic Safety Inspectorate. Out of that number, 31 proceedings have been terminated due to the impossibility to locate the debtor or his assets.
The legal address of Mechanization Directorate Limited Liability Company is 50 Obskaya street, Novosibirsk, 630009 Russia. Osnova (Basis) Limited Liability Company belonging to Oktai Mamedov is registered at the same address. Its main shareholder has the same patronymic name with Maiis Pirverdievich Mamedov (or Pirverdi Ogly in the original wording). The supposed relative of the Deputy also does not really care about tax payments: as of today, Osnova owes to the government 2.8 million rubles ($42.6 thousand) in tax arrears; the rest of the enforcement proceedings have been closed – expectedly, due to the impossibility to locate the debtor or his assets.
Osnova Limited Liability Company has founded a number of other companies; all of those have problems with tax remittance as well. For instance, 85 enforcement proceedings were instituted against MZhK Energetik that officially brings its owners over 30 million rubles ($456.8) per year in profits; 67 such proceedings totaling over 125 million rubles ($1.9 million) still remain active. Perspektiva (Perspective) Limited Liability Company, whose sole founder is Maiis Mamedov and General Director – Oktai Mamedov, had also owed money to the state. But the Federal Bailiff Service has terminated the enforcement action instituted against it on the same grounds: the impossibility to locate.
By the way, Perspektiva Limited Liability Company is also registered at 50 Obskaya street, Novosibirsk. A single visit of bailiffs to the premises located at that address would bring millions of rubles to the state treasury. The primary asset of the Deputy – First Construction Fund – is also incorporated there. This company had huge tax arrears – but the proceedings against it have been terminated under subparagraph 3 of paragraph 1 of Article 46 of the Federal Law № 229 FZ.
If the bailiffs had come to the ‘central headquarters’ of brothers Mamedov, they would be able to collect tax arrears from SB Titan Limited Liability Company and Gruppa Al’yans (Alliance Group) Limited Liability Company registered in the same building. Above-mentioned Dmitry Kuchin is the General Director of these companies – but the bailiffs are unable to locate him. Due to the impossibility to locate the debtor or his assets, all enforcement actions against SB Titan and 18, out of the 38, proceedings against Gruppa Al’yans owing over 13 million rubles ($198 thousand) to the government have been terminated.
Although all companies belonging to Maiis Mamedov or controlled by him are registered at the same legal addresses, the bailiffs somehow may not locate them.
Furthermore, they cannot seize funds held on accounts of profitable enterprises. Novosibirsk resident Evgeny Pyatkovsky was the first to notice this. “The corruption scheme works as follows: officers of the Federal Bailiff Service receive execution writs against legal entities belonging to Mamedov and affiliated with him and, 2–3 days later (in some cases – up to 5 months), terminate the proceedings under subparagraph 3 of paragraph 1 of Article 46 of the Federal Law № 229 FZ. I believe that the Deputy–oligarch bribes either the officers of the Federal Bailiff Service or their supreme bosses,” – Pyatkovsky has shared his findings with The CrimeRussia.
The activist has published the results of his inquest on his Facebook page and then attempted to attract the attention of the authorities to the situation – Pyatkovsky asked watchdog agencies to check the identified violations committed in the course of enforcement proceedings against companies belonging to Maiis Mamedov and affiliated with him. In late 2018, he has submitted the respective requests to the Prosecutor’s Office of the Novosibirsk Region, Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation, Directorate for the Novosibirsk Region of the Federal Security Service (FSB) of the Russian Federation, and Presidential Executive Office. The probes carried out by these institutions confirmed numerous violations – but this turned out to be insufficient to bring Mamedov to liability.
The only result achieved by Pyatkovsky was an order to rectify the identified violations issued to the Head of the Administration for the Novosibirsk Region of the Federal Bailiff Service.
Mamedov’s companies still owe millions of rubles to the state. Even the people working for the parliamentarian representing Edinaya Rossia Party do not always receive salaries on time. For instance, according to the State Labor Inspection of the Novosibirsk Region, Armaton Large-Panel House Building Plant (ZKPD) Limited Liability Company belonging to the Deputy via his main asset – First Construction Fund Limited Liability Company – violates the labor legislation on a regular basis. The prosecutor’s audit has found that other enterprises of Mamedov, including Likolor Brick Factory, don’t pay salaries in due time as well.
Despite the tax arrears and nonpayment of salaries, his companies receive profitable governmental contracts on a regular basis. For example, Mezon-L Limited Liability Company belonging 100% to the Deputy has signed with Siberian Generating Company three contracts worth in total over 7 million rubles ($106.6 thousand), while Mechanization Directorate Limited Liability Company won 4 tenders held by the Department of Residential Affairs of the Novosibirsk Municipal Administration and totaling over 21 million rubles ($319.9 thousand). Companies of Oktai Mamedov also win tenders on a regular basis. For instance, MZhK Energetik Limited Liability Company has signed 14 governmental contracts for the total amount of 264 million rubles ($4 million) with the General Administration for the Novosibirsk Region of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) of the Russian Federation, Department of Residential Affairs of the Novosibirsk Municipal Administration, Capital Construction Directorate of the Novosibirsk Region, and other budgetary institutions.
The contemptuous disregard of obligations to the state and employees does not prevent Mamedov’s companies from getting support from the regional budget. For example, the Deputy received almost 76 million rubles ($1.2 million) for brick factory construction via Mezon-L. In addition, the regional government granted the company belonging to Mamedov tax incentives for the total amount of 70.2 million rubles ($1.1 million). The funds had been transferred since 2009. In December 2014, the regional investment council has recognized the factory construction project ineffective and requested to refund the received money. However, the arbitration court upheld the stance of Mamedov’s structures and dismissed the claim filed by the Ministry of Economic Development of the Novosibirsk Region.
Mamedov manages to get budget funds for other projects as well. The Deputy has founded, via First Construction Fund Limited Liability Company, Armaton ZKPD Limited Liability Company. The large-panel house building plant has been erected in Novosibirsk Industrial and Logistics Park and received tax incentives for more than 33 million rubles ($502.7 thousand). In 2017, Novosibirsk Industrial and Logistics Park Management Company Joint Stock Company had tried to recover from Mamedov rental arrears in the amount of 15.7 million rubles ($239.2 thousand) – but the arbitration court has ruled to terminate the legal proceedings. In the same year of 2017, the regional Deputies approved new property tax incentives for Armaton: the company will get additional 43.5 million rubles ($662.6 thousand) from the budget by 2021.
Evgeny Pyatkovsky believes that not only the Federal Bailiff Service – but the entire judicial system as well – are surprisingly forgiving to Maiis Mamedov. “The heads of the Federal Bailiff Service and, likely, Prosecutor’s Office are involved in the scheme. After my submissions to various authorities, the Prosecutor’s Office had to admit the numerous violations committed by Mamedov and companies affiliated with him – and a criminal case was framed-up against me under Article 128.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (slander),” – the Novosibirsk activist told The CrimeRussia.
The case was instituted on the basis of a complaint filed by Mamedov’s assistant. “That person is the plaintiff – although, according to the law, only Mamedov may be the plaintiff in such a case because this is a private prosecution article. Under normal circumstances, this complaint could not be accepted because the plaintiff is not the victim." However, according to Pyatkovsky, the Prosecutor's Office of the Oktyabr'sky District of Novosibirsk has instructed detective Aborneva to institute a criminal case and launch investigative actions. The workplace of Pyatkovsky, his residence, and residence of his parents were searched. “All my computers and phones have been seized by above-mentioned Aborneva accompanied by some invited district police inspector and a female police academy student, – Pyatkovsky says. – No specialists were present at the searches; the computers were not packed – but recorded as potatoes, without serial numbers, etc. They have also seized the smartphone – although it was purchased in November 2018, while the deeds incriminated to me had occurred in October. I had shown them the receipt confirming the purchase date – but they still seized the phone. The detective forced me to sign a pledge of secrecy – although it is prohibited to force the suspect to sign such documents. I was questioned three times: initially, as a victim, then – as a witness, and finally – as a suspect. The status was changed to make me talk”.
Pyatkovsky is reasonably concerned that he may pay dearly for an attempt to bring Maiis Mamedov to liability.
According to the official newspaper of the Legislative Assembly of the Novosibirsk Region, «a distinctive feature of Deputy Mamedov is adherence to principles based on his life credo – “Speak less, do more!” – and in his Deputy’s activities, he relies on his experience and knowledge». In other words, the experience and connections of the businessman-turned-Deputy are sufficient to silence all whistleblowers.