Artificial Intelligence to fight against corruption in Russia
The State Project Management Office proposed to automate the control over the Russian judicial system. In particular, the AI should help analyze judicial acts for errors and corruption element.
Project Management Office head Andrei Slepnev sent a letter to Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev suggesting placing the Russian legal system on digital footing, Kommersant reported. The Office proposes to create French-style "electronic codes" to automate the judicial practice supervision and use artificial intelligence to generate standard court decisions.
The Office believes that the above measures will help to cope with a number of current challenges of the Russian legal system: corruption, the difference in the interpretation of legal norms depending on the situation, excessively lengthy trials, and unnecessary and opaque regulation. The letter defines the issues as the key obstacles to the investment flow and economy development.
The first stage of the digital switch implies identifying "outdated, idle, inefficient and ambiguous norms" in legal and law enforcement acts. The norms are then going to be amended, and recommendations on "quality norm-setting" are to be introduced.
Then the current norms will be cataloged in electronic reference and legal systems (online codes) in the spirit of "quality norm-setting". Various parts of uniform regulatory documents will take different levels of authority in accordance with their competence. In the future, these online codes will become the official platform for norms publication.
The third stage of the digital reform involves the creation of a computerized legal support system (ALSS) based on AI. The system will automatically generate documents for standard court cases. A system for analyzing judicial acts for errors and corruption will be developed concurrently.
The Ministry of Justice appreciated the initiative of the project department. According to a source close to the Office, the AI should at least help avoid duplication of the provisions of other acts and determine the corruption potential of the measures taken. The criteria for detecting propensity for corruption are given in the proposed methodology. However, the source notes that the full implementation of the system will require changing all the rulemaking practice in Russia.
The non-profit organization Assistance to the Development of Corporate Legislation noted that "a person must be behind the machine" if the enforcement process is automatized. "A robot should help, but not replace judges or lawyers, and not make any decisions," said Yelena Avakyan, the organization executive director. According to her, the judicial system automation does not take into account "justice and morality" humans are responsible for.
Alexandra Nesterenko, the president of the Corporate Counsel Association, noted that the creation of electronic codes would help identify contradictions as early as at the development stage. Besides, automation will simplify the court work on the standard cases such as debt collection for utilities or loans. According to her, AI could be used in the paperwork, and the judges would still be the ones delivering the verdicts.
In early November 2017, Basmanny Court of Moscow has satisfied the motion brought by the Main Investigations Directorate in the City of Moscow of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation (ICR) and remanded Aleksander Shukyurov, Director of the Capital Renovation Directorate State Budgetary Institution of Moscow, in custody. The head of the institution subordinate to the Department of Capital Renovation of the City of Moscow that had acted as the client in tenders worth dozens of billions of rubles is suspected of swindling on an especially large scale.