Sofrino bank's $833.500 and its ex-head fled abroad

Sofrino bank's $833.500 and its ex-head fled abroad
ormer chairman of the board and co-owner of the Sofrino bank Dmitry Malyshev Photo: Valery Levitin / RIA Novosti

At the time of bankruptcy of the bank, the 'hole' in it was 5 billion rubles ($83.3m), so the amount of claims to the banker can still grow.⁠

Former chairman of the board and co-owner of the Sofrino bank Dmitry Malyshev was declared internationally wanted. As reported by Kommersant, the Tverskoy District Court of Moscow recently chose a measure of restraint for the banker, who is accused of particularly large scale fraud, in the form of arrest in absentia.

The license of Sofrino was revoked in the summer of 2014 due to the loss of capital and the violation of banking legislation. At the same time, the Moscow Arbitrazh Court declared the credit institution bankrupt and appointed the Deposit Insurance Agency as the bankruptcy trustee. After examining the financial documentation, its representative wrote a statement to the police. After a joint check of the investigators of the Investigative Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Moscow and the operatives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in early 2015, a criminal case under part 4 of Art. 159 of the Criminal Code (Swindling on an especially large scale). Malyshev himself was already abroad at that time. According to his lawyer Sergey Sevruk, this was a compulsory measure, as he needs medical care and periodically undergoes treatment in hospitals in France, Germany, Monaco and Israel. The defender complains that medical documents on 70 pages about the illnesses of the banker were submitted to the Moscow City Court as an argument about the impossibility of applying such a preventive measure as arrest, but the court did not take them into account.

According to the investigation, a year before the bankruptcy, Sofrino bank transferred over 50 million rubles ($833.500) to the accounts of a certain TradeMark LLC on the basis of a loan agreement, and it immediately bought the promissory note of Intercapital from Sofrino for the same amount. It is noteworthy that the general director of Trademarket was a resident of Moscow, who, according to the registry office, died in 2010. And Intercapital was later mentioned in connection with the case of the well-known cashier Sergey Magin (Serezha Two Percent). At the end of last year, he received 8 years and 5 months of a general regime colony for cashing in 122 billion rubles ($2bn). According to the expertise, on behalf of Sofrino, it was Malyshev who signed the contract. His defense insists that this could not be, since at that moment he was on a business trip in Warsaw.

Later, the bank's management conducted a number of questionable operations. For example, according to the same scheme, the credit organization interacted with the firms Morskoy Briz, Kairos, Diskom and Unika, giving them a loan of 500 million rubles, 375 of which returned to Sofrino for purchasing owned by the bank land and located on it four-story shopping and office center on Voznesenskaya street in Sergiev Posad, Moscow region.

Later, Unika and Diskom again purchased from the bank two land plots for a total of 180 million rubles ($3m) - in the Pushkinsky district of the Moscow region and the Krasnodar Territory. At the same time, according to operative data, the firms did not conduct any financial and economic activity, and not even having their own office, were registered at the addresses together with many other LLCs.

In addition to the criminal case, the Arbitrazh Court in Moscow is considering a case of recovering more than 4.7 billion rubles ($78.3m) from persons "controlling the bank Sofrino". The DIA, by the way, demanded an amount two times higher - 10.5 billion rubles ($175m), sending to the courts 374 lawsuits to recover debts from debtors of the bank. However, in half of them, by 5.3 billion rubles ($88.3m), the enforcement proceedings were completed with the wording "due to the inability to recover".

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