Rostech's case: more severe charges
According to lawyers, the charge of organizing a criminal community could be brought in order to leave the defendants under arrest.
The Main Investigative Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in Moscow charged the defendants in the case of embezzlement in the state corporation Rostech under Organization of the Criminal Community (part 1 of Art. 210 of the Criminal Code). Earlier, they were incriminated under especially large scale Swindling (part 4 of Article 159 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation). As reported by Kommersant referring to lawyers, the accusation of creating an OCG could be brought in order to leave the defendants of the case under arrest, the term of which expires at the end of May.
According to the investigation, ex-general director of the MKB Compass Murad Safin, general director of the defense enterprise Prompostavka Ruslan Suleimanov and his deputy Dmitry Manuilov created the OCG in 2008 (both enterprises are part of Rostech). Then they were joined by fund manager of the Afghanistan war veterans' fund SAFA Yekaterina Khlystova, general director of Sinai OJSC Oleg Chernov, his deputy Oleg Chernykh and their co-worker Sofya Makeeva. The last charge under part 2 of Art. 210 of the Criminal Code (Participation in Criminal Community) will be filed in the near future. None of the prisoners admits their guilt. The main witness in the case was the chief accountant of Compas, Zinaida Shmakova, who told the investigation about the fraudulent scheme.
Budget funds were stolen through payment of state contracts to the MKB Compass. The Compass management significantly overstated the rates for work performed under contracts, using one-day company as co-executors. Investigators managed to find about 20 such companies. All of them had accounts in the Tember-bank. Then the money was transferred to other companies, individuals or just cashed. In addition, parts and equipment were purchased through Prompostavka OJSC at inflated prices.
The audit, which was conducted by Rostech's statement, found that at least 800 million rubles ($14m) were siphoned off for fictitious contracts. Then the amount of damage increased to 1.8 billion rubles ($31.7m). Now we are talking about the amount of 2.421 billion rubles ($42.3m).
Saburova believes that the Russian authorities violated articles 2 and 5 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, guaranteeing the right to life, as well as the right to freedom and personal inviolability.